About dijoh2o

My contacts with Dutch-Indian heritage started in 1988. Since that time I have travelled many times to India and Sri Lanka to visit heritage sites and talk with Indian people interested in this shared heritage.

Pulicat: Dutch shipped Indian slaves from here

Between 1600 and 1800 the Dutch East Indian Company VOC shipped estimated 50,000 Indian slaves from Pulicat to Indonesia. They mostly went as bonded labourers to work in Dutch factories (trading posts) and plantations to what was then the Dutch Indies.

The Live history India site has a well written post about this rather hidden past of Pulicat and Dutch: https://www.livehistoryindia.com/cover-story/2019/07/28/pulicat-the-forgotten-indian-slave-trade

The earliest reference to European slave trade is in 1510, when the Portuguese sent 24 slaves from Calicut to Lisbon.

Masulipatnam: Dutch cemetery being renovated 2020

I am very glad I made a change in my schedule. Rather than going to Pondicherry Xavier Benedict advised me to visit the Dutch fort and cemetery in Machilipatnam (Masulipatnam). The fort was started by the Dutch in the17th century. But the French and British took over later.

Great news for the Dutch-Indian shared heritage! The Dutch cemetery in Machilipatnam is being renovated. 20 tombstones 16 with Dutch tombstones tell interesting stories. Two building contractors are renovating the cemetery for the Archeological Department of Machilipatnam. They started one week ago to construct a walking path around the tombstones. They expected to finish this work in one month.
My English speaking driver Shahazan helped translating.


The oldest tomb was from 1610, a young boy. Other Dutch inscriptions have dates between 1660 and 1689.

Dutch cemetery Machilipatnam being renovated 2020

I am very glad I made a change in my schedule. Rather than going to Pondicherry Xavier Benedict advised me to visit the Dutch fort and cemetery in Machilipatnam (Masulipatnam). The fort was started by the Dutch in the17th century. But the French and British took over later

Great news for the Dutch-Indian shared heritage! The Dutch cemetery in Machilipatnam is being renovated. 20 tombstones 16 with Dutch tombstones tell interesting stories. Two guys receiving me are building contractors to renovate the center for the Archeological Department of Machilipatnam.

They started one week ago to construct a walking path around the tombstones. They expected to finish this work in one month. My English speaking driver Shahazan helped translating.

The oldest tomb was from 1610, a young boy. Other Dutch inscriptions have dates between 1660 and 1689.

Udayagiri Fort: De Lannoy’s tomb under renovation 2020

Fortunately there were clouds this morning on my way by car to De Lannoy’s tomb inside the Uduyagiri Fort. On an earlier trip in Tamil Nadu and Kerala our driver had missed out on this one.

Finding the tomb was not so easy. It is in Thuckalay, Padmanabhapuram, Tamil Nadu. We drove two hours and 20 minutes from Trivandrum. When we reached there a school bus with young children was being off loaded by their teachers. Entrance to the fort was 20 rupees only. A sign outside said this was a bio diversity and animal park of the Tamil Nadu State Department of Forestry.

For the tomb I was pointed to walk up the pathway om the right. There I noticed that on a platform labourers were doing some heavy stonework. I also noticed the sign to De Lannoy’s tomb on the ground. When I asked for the tomb they pointed me to continue on the pathway I started on. The road condition worsened, it was some five minute walk. And there it was, a big tomb that had been whitewashed completely. The bamboo skeleton used for that still around it. At least 20 workers busy painting, de-rusting the metal fences. The pathway had just been completed. I walked around and inside the tomb. On the tombstones I saw English texts from 1813. No trace of De Lannoy’s tomb.

De Lannoy’s tomb on Udayagiri Fort

The young guy who was around turned out to be under contract of the Tamil Nadu State Department of Archeology. His name is Anton, a civil engineer and specialist in use of limestone. He explained that he is overseeing this renovation and that it may take another two months until it will be completed. He was very keen to see my site, as well as following me on my other social media outlets.

In Trivandrum we stopped briefly at a large church and an ATM for money.